Monday, February 27, 2012



In the name of Allah the most gracious the most merciful.

Side Effects and Safety of Glucosamine

Most studies involving humans have found that short-term use of glucosamine is well-tolerated. Side effects may include drowsiness, headache, insomnia, and mild and temporary digestive complaints such as abdominal pain, poor appetite, nausea, heartburn, constipation, diarrhea, and vomiting. In rare human cases, the combination of glucosamine and chondroitin has been linked with temporarily elevated blood pressure and heart rate and palpitations.


Some natural treatments may help fight insulin resistance, a health condition known to raise your risk of type 2 diabetes and heart disease. In people with insulin resistance, the body fails to respond properly to insulin (a hormone that plays a key role in using blood sugar for energy). The body produces more and more insulin to help blood sugar (or "glucose") enter cells, but excess glucose builds up in the bloodstream and, in turn, promotes the onset of diabetes. But by pairing certain natural treatments with essential lifestyle changes, you may be able to protect against insulin resistance.

While the presence of specific genes appears to increase your odds of developing insulin resistance, some lifestyle factors (such as being overweight and not exercising regularly) could also raise your risk for this condition. Many people with insulin resistance also show signs of metabolic syndrome (a cluster of health problems known to increase your risk of diabetes and heart disease, including high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and excess weight around your waist).

Working with your doctor to manage any major health issues should be your first step in addressing insulin resistance. In fact, by working out regularly, following a healthy diet, and maintaining a healthy weight, you may be able to reverse insulin resistance and reduce your risk of diabetes and other chronic illnesses. There's also some evidence that getting sufficient sleep may help improve your insulin response. In addition, preliminary research suggests that the following natural treatments may offer some benefit when it comes to combating insulin resistance:

1) Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Following a diet high in omega-3 fatty acids (a type of healthy fat found naturally in oily fish like salmon and sardines) may help fight insulin resistance, according to a 2008 study of 12 older adults. After eating 720 grams of fatty fish weekly and 15 ml of sardine oil daily, study members showed an improvement in insulin sensitivity (as well as a decrease in inflammation).

2) Ashwagandha

Ashwagandha may help improve insulin sensitivity and normalize blood sugar levels, a 2008 study on rats shows. Often touted as an adaptogen, ashwagandha is widely used in ayurveda (the traditional medicine of India).

3) Fenugreek

In a 2009 study on mice, scientists discovered that 4-hydroxyisoleucine (a fenugreek-derived amino acid) may help stimulate the secretion of insulin, reduce insulin resistance, and decrease blood sugar levels. However, a 2009 research review found that there is very limited human-based evidence to support the use of fenugreek in diabetes management.



In the name of Allah the most gracious the most merciful.

Other names: glucosamine sulfate, glucosamine sulphate, glucosamine hydrochloride, N-acetyl glucosamine, chitosamine

Glucosamine is a compound found naturally in the body, made from glucose and the amino acid glutamine. Glucosamine is needed to produce glycosaminoglycan, a molecule used in the formation and repair of cartilage and other body tissues. Production of glucosamine slows with age.

Glucosamine is available as a nutritional supplement in health food stores and many drug stores. Glucosamine supplements are manufactured in a laboratory from chitin, a substance found in the shells of shrimp, crab, lobster, and other sea creatures. In additional to nutritional supplements, glucosamine is also used in sports drinks and in cosmetics.

Glucosamine is often combined with chondroitin sulfate, a molecule naturally present in cartilage. Chondroitin gives cartilage elasticity and is believed to prevent the destruction of cartilage by enzymes. Glucosamine is sometimes combined with methylsulfonylmethane, or MSM, in nutritional supplements

Why Do People Use Glucosamine?

Glucosamine supplements are widely used for osteoarthritis, particularly knee osteoarthritis. In osteoarthritis, cartilage -- the rubbery material that cushions joints -- becomes stiff and loses its elasticity. This makes the joint prone to damage and may lead to pain, swelling, loss of movement, and further deterioration.

Other Conditions

Other conditions for which glucosamine is used include rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis), chronic venous insufficiency, and skin conditions, although further evidence is needed.

Saturday, February 25, 2012


In the name of Allah the most gracious the most merciful.

Untuk kurus, anda tidak perlu terlalu mengikut perasaan sehingga mengelakkan makanan kegemaran anda sendiri. Harusnya anda perlu menjaga diet dan pengambilan makanan anda, tetapi tidaklah sehingga tidak boleh langsung makan sedikit makanan yang anda gemari.

Ini kerana anda perlu memastikan gula,lemak dan segala nutrisi lain yang dperlukan oleh tubuh badan mencukupi.

  1. Makan pelahan-lahan. Ini kerana perut mengambil masa lebih kurang 20 min untuk memberitahu otak bahawa perut sudah kenyang.

  2. Makan buah-buahan seperti epal atu sayuran mentah seperti lobak merah. Ini boleh melambatkan kadar pemakanan anda.

  3. Nikmati hidangan dengan minuman panas atau suam untuk membantu anda berasa kenyang.

  4. Pastikan anda minum sekurang-kurangnya 6 - 8 gelas air sehari.

  5. Makan buah-buahan 30 minit sebelum anda makan hidangan utama.

  6. Jika masih berasa lapar,nikmati snek sihat seperti bertih jagung,roti,buah-buahan,yogurt atau kekacang.

  7. Ambil makanan rendah lemak seperti susu rendah lemak dan sebagainya

  8. Banyakkan bergerak w/pun berada di dalam rumah setiap hari agar anda dapat membakar banyak kalori.

  9. Pentingkan sarapan pagi supaya anda tidak keterlaluan makan dengan banyak di waktu tengahari.
Sumber dari : MINGGUAN WANITA 2009
Related Posts with Thumbnails